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Загружен: 19.10.2016
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1. Choose the correct word for each sentence. (20 баллов)

1)In most countries policemen carry ______ .
a)guns b) swords c) masks

2)Members of Criminal Investigation department are ______ .
a)officers b) volunteers c) detectives

3) A police officer can stop and search people if he ______ them of committing a crime.
a)prevents b) suspects c) provides

4)The head of Scotland Yard is appointed by the Crown on the ________ of Home Secretary.
a)recommendation b) provision c) opinion

5)Courts decide both criminal and civil ____ .
a) crimes b) cases c) procedures

6)The jury traditionally ____ of 12 ordinary people.
a)includes b) consists c) covers

7)The jurors discuss their ____ in a special room.
a)interrogation b) situation c) decision

8)If a person committed a_____, he/she cannot be a juror.
a)crime b) mistake c) disease

9)The jury reaches the verdict, but the ____ passes the sentence.
a)clerk b) judge c) police officer

10) The verdict of the jury must be ______ in cases of murder.
a)unanimous b) similar c) different


2.Use the correct word in each sentence form the words below. (20 баллов)
guilty important eligible independent acquitted
challenge honorable personal evidence chosen
1)Trial by jury is an _______ feature of English justice.
2)Twelve jurors are ________ from the list of local electoral register.
3)The jurors listen to the ______ and give their verdict.
4)The verdict can be ______ or not ________ .
5)The jury is _________ of the judiciary.
6)The judge can ______ one or several members of the jury.
7)The reason for the challenge may be that the juror has a ______ interest in the case.
8)People between the ages of 18 and 70 are_______ for serving in the jury.
9)Service in the jury is an ______ duty of citizens.
10)If the jury finds the accused not guilty, he/she is _______ in the courtroom.

3.Answer the questions on the topics “The Police” and “The Jury”. (10 баллов)
1)In what situations do British policemen carry guns?
2)Do women work in the British police?
3)What are police powers?
4)What people are eligible for serving in the jury?
5)How can the verdict of the jury sound?

4.Do grammar exercises.
a)Turn sentences in the Active voice into the Passive Voice. (10 баллов)
1)This man committed the crime a week ago.
2)The detectives investigate the most serious crimes.
3)The policemen can stop and search any person or a vehicle.
4)The officer will interrogate the suspect later.
5)The thief stole some paintings from the gallery.

b) Turn the sentences from direct into reported speech. (20 баллов)
6)Mary said: “I want to see the crime scene”.
7)Tom said: “I have lost my keys.”
8)Bob and Mary said: “We are discussing the trial.”
9)Andrew said: “My client is coming to discuss the details”.
10)Mr. Jones said: “I need to meet the policeman who arrested the thief.”
11) ‘When will you call me?’ she asked George.
12)She asked, ‘Can you invite the witness?’
13)He asked, ‘Did you see it?’
14)‘Do you study civil law?’ she asked John.
15)‘What has this man done?’ the officer asked.


5.Read the text below and write which statements are true and which are false. (20 баллов)
Crime is a violation of a law. Courts decide both criminal and civil cases. Most countries make a clear distinction between civil and criminal procedures. Criminal and civil procedures are different. The party bringing a criminal action is called the prosecution. The party bringing a civil case is called the plaintiff. In both kinds of cases the other party is called the defendant.
Civil cases are usually disputes between or among private citizens, corporations, governments, government agencies, and other organi

Дополнительная информация

Crime is a violation of a law. Courts decide both criminal and civil cases. Most countries make a clear distinction between civil and criminal procedures. Criminal and civil procedures are different. The party bringing a criminal action is called the prosecution. The party bringing a civil case is called the plaintiff. In both kinds of cases the other party is called the defendant.
Civil cases are usually disputes between or among private citizens, corporations, governments, government agencies, and other organizations. Most often, the party bringing the suit is asking for money damages. For example, a landlord may sue a tenant for failure to pay rent. People who have been injured may sue a person or a company responsible for the injury. It is up to the plaintiff to prove the case against the defendant. This is called the plaintiff’s burden of proof.
A criminal case is brought by the state or by a city or county against a person or persons accused of committing a crime. If the defendant has pleaded not guilty, you should presume the defendant’s innocence unless the defendant’s guilt is proved.


1)Courts decide only criminal cases.
2)Most countries do not make a distinction between criminal and civil cases.
3)Criminal and civil procedures are similar.
4)Crime is a violation of law.
5)The party bringing a criminal action is called the prosecution.
6)In civil cases the plaintiff usually asks for money damages.
7)The plaintiff needn’t prove the case against the defendant.
8)A criminal case is usually brought by a person against the state.
9)If the defendant pleads not guilty, he is acquitted.
10)The defendant’s innocence is presumed unless the defendant’s guilt is proved.

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